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herefordshire fruit

Dessert Apples

Adam’s Pearmain recorded in 1826, thought by some to have originated in Norfolk, others Herefordshire, where it was once known as Hanging Pearmain. Downton Pippin was originally from Wormsley Grange, the childhood home of Thomas Andrew Knight of the Royal Society, later the RHS. He took the apple to Elton Hall amd raised it in 1792. King’s Acre Pippin is a richly flavoured high quality fruit, well worth growing despite its unattractive appearance. Introduced by King’s Acre Nurseries, Hereford in 1898, a Sturmer Pippin and Ribston Pippin cross. A firm, juicy, coarse-textured fruit with a rich aromatic flavour, Good for use in salads, dull green, slightly flushed with brownish-red. Lord Hindlip was first shown by Mr Watkins of Pomona Farm, Hereford in 1896, named after Worcestershire landowner. Pig’s Nose Pippin described by Hogg 1884. Pomeroy of Herefordshire / Sugar Apple is thought to be a very old variety. Stoke Edith Pippin is thought to be from the Foley estate in Stoke Edith, recorded 1872. Yellow Ingestrie raised by the famous pomologist Thomas Andrew Knight of Downton Castle in about 1800, and named after the seat of the Earl of Talbot. Cross between Cox’s Orange Pippin and Golden Pippin. Crisp, juicy, yellow flesh. ‘A delightful little yellow apple for September’.

 

Cooking Apples

Byford Wonder introduced by Cranston’s Nurseries of Hereford in 1894, named for the riverside village near Hereford. Doctor Hare’s, thought to be from Leominster in 1880s. Forester. Gennet Moyle, grown in 15th century in Archenfield area, and used for cider, and later for cooking. Herefordshire Beefing, beefing comes from ‘beau fin’, used for drying in cooling bread ovens, as were the Norfolk beefings, Sold as gifts in London, dark red, dry apple. King’s Acre Bountiful, introduced in 1904 by Kings Acre Nursery in Hereford. Tillington Court raised in early 1900s at Burghill Fruit Farm. Tyler’s Kernel, thought to be an old variety of the county, exhibited in 1883.

 

Dual Purpose Apples

Collington Big Bitters, probably Herefordshire apple from 19th century, cider and cooking. Crimson Quoining / Herefordshire Quoining / Herefordshire Queening, recorded 1831 though thought to be much older, for eating and cooking but historically used for cider. Golden Harvey / Brandy Apple may be the same as the Round Russet of the early 1600s, for eating and cider. Herefordshire Russet is a new variety in 2005, from FP Matthews in Tenbury, Worcestershire. Described as having "russet nuttiness…crisp creamy flesh…mouth tingling acidity…rich apple juice…classic golden russetted skin with greeny yellow undercolour is thin and crunchy", an eater and cooker. King of the Pippins / Golden Winter Pearmain / Prince’s Pippin / Shropshire Pippin has debatable origins, known in Herefordshrie as Prince’s Pippin and Shropshire as Shropshire Pippin, thought by some to be different varieties. Common in farm orchards in the area, for eating and cider making. New German, for eating and cooking. Sam’s Crab, recorded in 1830s, for cider, cooking and eating. Ten Commandments exhibited 1883, named for the ten red spots around core, small dark red apples for cider and eating.

 

Cider Apples

Redstreak, thought to have been raised at Holme Lacey by Lord Scudamore in the early 1600s, became well known, establishing the county’s reputation for cider. The original variety was a pitcher, i.e. could be propogated from cuttings.

 

Other Apples

Ball’s Bittersweet, Bringewood Pippin, Brown Snout, Cherry Pearmain, Cowarne Red, Lady’s Finger of Hereford, Strawberry Norman, Wormsley Pippin.

 

Cherries

Downton, Early Heart, Knight’s Early Black, Waterloo.

 

Perry Pears

Bartestree Squash, Gregg’s Pitt, Holme Lacey, Holmer, Moorcroft, Pine.

 

This list was compiled using many sources including a gazetteer by the Marcher Apple Network and The New Book of Apples by Joan Morgan and Alison Richards (Ebury Press 2002).

 

For more details on Herefordshire varieties contact the Marcher Apple Network who have produced a CD-ROM of the Herefordshire Pomona of 1885 and continue to research into varieties of the Welsh Marches and surrounding counties. Visit the website