Dessert Apples

Ben’s Red raised in around 1830 by B Roberts of Trannack, introduced by George Bunyard of Maidstone, Kent, till found all over Cornwall. Can be propogated by cuttings, such trees are known as ‘pitchers’. Box Apple 1955. Cornish Aromatic thought to have grown here for a long time. First recorded in 1813. Excellent quality apple, crisp, nut-like aromatic flavour, greeny-yellow flushed with orange-red, slightly russette, tolerates wet climate, good cropper. Cornish Gilliflower thought to have been discovered in a cottage garden near Truro in about 1800, and first described in 1813 but may be older. Remarkable for its rich aromatic, honey-like flavour. ‘Gilliflower’ is thought to have derived from the old French word Girofle – clove-apple – as it is supposed to give off a clove-like fragrance when cut. Cornish Mother / American Mother from Massachusetts USA 1844, and traditionally grown in Wadebridge, Cornwall. Cornish Honeypin, 1955. Cornish Pine raised in Exminster, Devon before 1920. Grown in Devon and Cornwall in 1920s and 30s. Early Bower from East Cornwall / Devon. Glass Apple / Snell’s White raised before 1934 by Mr Snell, a market gardener in Radland Mill, St Dominick in the Tamar Valley. Long Keeper from Luckett. Meil D’Or / Dawe Apple / Door / Miles Dawe / Male D’Or / Mary Dawe - thought to be an old Cornish variety from Gunnislake on the border with Devon. But also may be same variety as Oslin attributed to Arbroath in Scotland (AKA Arbroath Pippin). Very sweet, pale greenish yellow with orange flush and russett dots and patches. Pascoe’s Pippin from mid Cornwall. Pear Apple from mid Cornwall. Pig’s Nose I from West Cornwall. Pig’s Nose III from Coad’s Green. Queenie from the Tamar Valley (St Dominick). Dark red with faint darker stripes and pale dots, flesh stained red, sweet and aromatic.

 

Cooking Apples

Blackamoor Red from Tamar Valley. Cornish Longstem from Linkinhorne. Duke of Cornwall. Improved Keswick Tamar Valley. King Byerd 1954. Hodge’s Seedling attributed to J Vivian, from Hayle in Cornwall in 1876. Onion Redstreak from Tamar Valley. Snell’s Glass Apple from Tamar Valley.

 

Dual Purpose Apples

Breadfruit from Rezare near the Tamar Valley. Captain Smith from Golant. Catshead from St Agnes perhaps from the 17th Century. Hocking’s Green raised by Mr Hocking in around 1860 at Illand Farm, Coad’s Green, southeast Cornwall. Collogett Pippin / Cornish Giant from Tamar Valley, Colloggett Farm, near Botus Fleming, described 1920. Lady’s Fingers from Calstock. Manaccan Primrose from Lizard. Pig’s Snout a dessert & cider apple from Callington. Plymton Pippin a cooker and dessert apple from Tamar Valley and Linkinhorne. Polly before 1954. Scilly Pearl from Isles of Scilly before 1924. Sidney Strake / Tom Putt, cooker and cider apple grown throughout West Country in 19th Century, also known in West Midlands. Sweet Merlin 1954, may be a cider apple. Sydney Strake / Tom Putt 1954. Tommy Knight from St Agnes, described in 1946, eating and cider apple. Tregonna King from Wadebridge, similar to King of the Pippins. Veitch’s Perfection from Landrake, Cornwall. Venus Pippin is thought to have been known as Plum Bidy around Launceston.

 

Cider Apples

Captain (John) Broad once popular in Cornwall and old trees found at Golant near Fowey in 1982. Collogett Pippin / Cornish Giant from Landulph in the Tamar Valley. Dufflin grown in West Country, may be from Taunton in Somerset. Hamlyn from Mid Cornwall. Lord of the Isles from Mid Cornwall. Tan Harvey from Tamar Valley, trees found in 1980 by James Evans.

 

Other Apples

Blackmoor Pippin, Blackrock, Bottlestopper, Chacewater Longstem, Coombe Rough Cooker, Cornish Garden, Cornish Spice, Cornish Wine Apple, Fairfield / Millet, Grow-bi-nights, Gulval Seedling, Hocking’s Yellow, Jimmy Oliver, John’s Delight, John’s Early Eater, Lawry’s No.1 / Lord Grosvenor, Lizzy, Longkeeper, Magna Bonham, Onion Moonstreak, Pendrag, Plympton King, Polly White Hair, Red Robin, St James Pippin, Saw Pit, Sops in Wine, Sweet Larks, Trenance Cooker, Tresillian Seedling, Turnip, Wintergreen.

 

Plums

Black Kea, Bodmin, Golden Kea. Kea was a chance seedling found and much grown in the Kea district of Truro, propagated from suckers taken from parent trees. Manaccan, Truro, Wadebridge.

 

This list was compiled using many sources including a list compiled by the Cornwall Orchards Project and The New Book of Apples by Joan Morgan and Alison Richards (Ebury Press 2002).